دست‌یابی به اهداف سطوح عالی یادگیری الکترونیک با بازخورد آموزشی جامع (استانداردها و شاخص‌ها)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو دکتری فناوری اطلاع رسانی در اموزش عالی-دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

2 عضو هیئت علمی - دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

3 عضوهیئت علمی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

4 عضو هیئت‌علمی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

چکیده

چکیده
جدایی یادگیرنده و مدرس در یادگیری الکترونیکی باعث شده است که بازخورد به‌عنوان پاشنه آشیل و مهم‌ترین چالش در این نوع یادگیری محسوب شود. بااین‌وجود، هنوز دستورالعمل جامعی بر اساس علم آموزش وجود ندارد تا به چگونگی ایجاد بازخورد بر مبنای اهداف یادگیری بپردازد. هدف پژوهش حاضر تدوین استانداردهای آموزشی و شاخص‌های بازخورد در یادگیری الکترونیکی برای اطمینان از دست‌یابی به اهداف سطوح عالی یادگیری در طبقه‌بندی بلوم –اندرسون است. رویکرد پژوهش کیفی و از استراتژی طرح پدیدارشناسی بهره گرفته‌شده است. جامعه پژوهش کلیه متخصصین و مدرسین مراکز یادگیری الکترونیکی دانشکده‌های علوم تربیتی دانشگاه‌های دولتی شهر تهران و سه مرکز یادگیری الکترونیکی ایلینویز، خان و هاروارد در آمریکا هستند که تعداد 12 نفر از آن‌ها به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند تا رسیدن به اشباع داده انتخاب‌شده‌اند. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از شیوه مصاحبه‌های نیمه ساختاریافته استفاده گردید. تحلیل داده‌ها و تعیین مقوله‌ها و استانداردها با تکنیک کدگذاری کوربین و اشتراوس و با نرم‌افزار ماکس کیودا انجام گردید. نتایج حاصل از پژوهش به تدوین 4 استاندارد آموزشی و 25 شاخص ضروری برای طراحی یک بازخورد مؤثر و به‌موقع در حوزه یادگیری الکترونیکی انجامید. نتایج پژوهش می‌تواند به‌عنوان راهنمای عمل در طراحی محیط‌های یادگیری الکترونیک مورداستفاده طراحان و فناوران آموزشی قرار گیرد و یا بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده می‌توان به ارزیابی دوره‌های یادگیری الکترونیک در بعد بازخورد پرداخت.

چکیده تصویری

دست‌یابی به اهداف سطوح عالی یادگیری الکترونیک با بازخورد آموزشی جامع (استانداردها و شاخص‌ها)

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Achievement high level goals in E-learning with comprehensive feedback; (Standards and Criteria)

نویسندگان [English]

  • nori barari 1
  • morteza rezaeizadeh 2
  • abasalt khorasani 3
  • farnoosh alami 4
1 phd student in e- learning at shahid beheshty university
2 Faculty Member of Psychology and educational Science, Faculty of psychology and educational Science, Shahid Beheshti University
3 Faculty Member of Psychology and educational Science, Faculty of psychology and educational Science, Shahid Beheshti University
4 Faculty Member of Psychology and educational Science, Faculty of psychology and educational Science, Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

ABSTRACT
The separation of learner and teacher from each other in e-learning, has made feedback as the most important challenge in this type of learning. Despite, there is no comprehensive framework based on the science of education, so that how to create educational feedback based on learning objectives. The purpose of this study was to compilation the educational standards and their indicators based on the Bloom-Anderson’s taxonomy for design effective and on time feedback for any educational goal. Qualitative research approach is used and based this approach, the phenomenological design strategy has been used. The population included 12 person of subject matter and faculty member in academic e-learning centers which were selected through purposeful sampling. Qualitative data generated from interviews were coded and analysis by Corbin and Strauss method and Maxquda software. The results of the study led to the development of 4 educational standards and 25 indicators based on the Bloom-Anderson’s taxonomy to design a comprehensive feedback in the field of e-learning. According to the results of this study, educational technologists can evaluate or design more effective E- learning environments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Educational
  • standards
  • feedback
  • e-Learning
  • bloom

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