سیر تکوین مدلهای ارزیابی آمادگی آموزش الکترونیک: از شکاف دیجیتال تا فاصله طراحی-واقعیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی، دانشگاه سید جمال الدین اسدآبادی

2 دانشگاه سیدجمال الدین اسدآبادی

3 دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش مطالعه سیر تکوینی مدل های ارزیابی آمادگی الکترونیک با رویکرد آموزش الکترونیک است. برای این منظور با دو رویکرد کیفی و کمی به بررسی پژوهش­ها پرداخته شده است. در رویکرد کیفی، با مطالعه مقالات این حوزه، روند مشاهده شده در این مقالات مورد مقایسه قرار گرفته است. در رویکرد کمّی جدیدترین مقالات این حوزه براساس پارامترهای مهمی مانند حوزه کاربرد، نوع مدل پایه­ای مورد استفاده، روش­های جمع آوری و تحلیل داده، نوع تراکنش مورد بررسی در مقاله، شاخص­های ارزیابی، منابع مورد استفاده برای انتشار مقاله، تمرکز جغرافیایی، خروجی­های مطالعه، نوع داده های مورد استفاده، مورد بررسی و مقایسه قرار گرفته اند. براساس نتایج بدست آمده از رویکرد کیفی، 4 دوره تکوین مدل های ارزیابی آمادگی الکترونیک قابل شناسایی می باشد که از مدل های ملی و اصطلاحا تک سایز با رویکرد بالا به پایین به سمت رویکردهای پایین به بالا و خاص منظوره تکامل یافته است. به علاوه نتایج رویکرد کمّی نشان دهنده سه عامل اصلی زیرساخت، افراد و خدمات به عنوان پارامترهای مهم در آمادگی الکترونیک بوده و حوزه ملی بیش از سایر حوزه ها مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. اکثر مطالعات در این حوزه دارای رویکرد کمی با گرایش خدمات عمومی و تراکنش با شهروندان است. همچنین مدل های ارزیابی، بلوغ و انطباق به ترتیب پر کاربرد ترین مدل های پایه ای در مطالعات بودند.

چکیده تصویری

سیر تکوین مدلهای ارزیابی آمادگی آموزش الکترونیک: از شکاف دیجیتال تا فاصله طراحی-واقعیت

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Evolution of E-Readiness Assessment Models: From the Digital Divide to Design-Reality Gap

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasibeh Pouti 1
  • Hossein Moradimokhles 2
  • Jamshid Heydari 3
1 Faculty Member, Sayyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi
2 Sayyed Jamaladdin Asadabadi University
3 Sayyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to study the evolutionary trend of e-readiness assessment models with the approach of e-learning. For this purpose, the studies were examined by both qualitative and quantitative approaches. In the qualitative approach, by studying the articles in this field, the observed trends in these articles are compared with each other. In the quantitative approach, the latest articles are investigated based on important parameters such as the scope of application, the type of model used, the methods of data collection and analysis, the type of transaction reviewed in the article, evaluation indicators, sources used to publish the article, geographical concentration, the outputs of the study, the types of data used. Based on the results of the qualitative approach, 4 evolutionary periods, from national and one size fits all model with top-down approach to bottom-up approach with special purpose models, are identified. In addition, results of quantitative approach indicate that infrastructure, people and service are the most important factors in electronic readiness; and national scope has been investigated more than other areas. Most studies have quantitative approach with public service orientation for citizen transactions. Also, assessment, maturity and adoption models have been the most used fundamental models in the studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • e-Learning
  • Assessment
  • Digital Divide
  • Design-Reality Gap
  • E-Readiness

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