بکارگیری آموزش انتقادی در نظام آموزش معماری (مطالعه موردی کلاس طرح یک معماری کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه آزاد گرگان)

نویسندگان

1 1 گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان

2 گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان

3 گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین چگونگی بکارگیری آموزش انتقادی در زمینه آموزش عالی ایران -رشته معماری- و بررسی چالشها و ارائه راهکار برای بهینه سازی شیوه در محیط مورد آزمون شکل گرفته است. روش تحقیق روش کیفی (تفسیرگرا) و تحلیل داده ها به روش تحلیل محتوا بوده است. پس از تبیین چگونگی اجرای روش انتقادی در کلاس طرح معماری کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه آزاد گرگان 24 دانشجو به عنوان نمونه در دسترس انتخاب شدند و با بکارگیری موضوعی دو بخشی، امکان مقایسه دو روش (معمول و انتقادی) فراهم شد. در انتهای ترم با کدگذاری و تحلیل پاسخنامه های بازپاسخ دانشجویان مدل تحقیق تبیین گردید. برای تایید و توسعه نتایج، آزمون در سال تحصیلی بعد با گروه دیگری متشکل از 22 دانشجو تکرار شد. نتایج نشان داد سازوکار اثرگذاری آموزش انتقادی در قالب هشت مقوله افزایش انگیزه، بالا رفتن مهارتهای اجتماعی، گفتاری و اعتماد به نفس، ارتقاء سرعت و کیفیت روند پرورش ایده های معماری، ایجاد تنوع و سرزندگی، کاهش استرس و اضطراب، اتلاف وقت و بحثهای بیهوده، حاشیه نشینی آموزشی و خودسانسوری توسط دانشجویان درک شده است، که پنج مقوله اول در دسته بازخوردهای مثبت و سه مقوله دوم در دسته بازخوردهای منفی قرار می گیرند که در واقع چالشهای بکارگیری این روش در نظام آموزش معماری محسوب می گردند. در انتها راهکارهایی برای غلبه بر چالشها پیشنهاد شده است.

چکیده تصویری

بکارگیری آموزش انتقادی در نظام آموزش معماری (مطالعه موردی کلاس طرح یک معماری کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه آزاد گرگان)

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Critical Pedagogy in Architectural Design Course (case study: postgraduate design course (1) of Islamic Azad university of Gorgan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sohrab Sardashti 1
  • Minoo Shafaie 2
  • Farhang Mozaffar 3
1 Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Art University of Isfahan , Isfahan
2 Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Art University of Isfahan , Isfahan.
3 Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is to illustrate the procedure of applying critical pedagogy in Iran higher education context –architecture discipline- to identify challenges and improve the method in the selected environment. The qualitative method (interpretation) was selected as research method and content analysis was performed on the collected data. 24 postgraduate architecture students were selected as the sample, and by using a bipartite subject, comparison between two methods (traditional and critical) become possible. To verify and extend the model, the experiment was repeated next year with 22 different students. The results indicated that the effects of critical pedagogy have been perceived by students in eight categories: (1) improving intrinsic motivation (2) improving social skills, oral skills and self-confidence, (3) improving the speed and quality of development process of architectural ideas, (4) creating diversity and cheerfulness, (5) reducing stress and anxiety, (6) waste of time and vain discussions, (7) educational marginalization, and (8) self-censorship. The first 5 categories are positive feedbacks and the other three are negative feedbacks considered as challenges of applying critical pedagogy. At the end, some strategies are purposed to overcome these challenges and improve the quality of the classes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Critical pedagogy
  • Interactional pedagogy
  • Architecture education
  • Design course
  • feedback

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