تحلیل شناختی عوامل موثربرکاربرد فناوری اطلاعات بر اساس مدیریت تغییر در وزارت ورزش و جوانان جمهوری اسلامی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی ‎دکتری ‌مدیریت‎ سازمان‌های ‎ورزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه ‎آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 مدیریت ورزشی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز،تهران،ایران

3 ‌گروه مدیریت ‎ورزشی، واحد تهران ‎مرکزی، دانشگاه‎آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش تحلیل شناختی عوامل موثر برکاربرد فناوری اطلاعات بر اساس مدیریت تغییر در وزارت ورزش و جوانان جمهوری اسلامی ایران است. روش‌شناسی این تحقیق از نوع توصیفی- پیمایشی و از حیث هدف از نوع کاربردی است. جامعه آماری، 812 نفر از کارمندان کلیه بخش‌های وزارت ورزش و جوانان در سال 1395 است. حجم نمونه آماری بر اساس فرمول کوکران 261 نفر محاسبه شد که به صورت تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شده‎اند. جهت جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از دو پرسش‌نامه استاندارد و بین‎المللی تم برای فناوری ‎اطلاعات و ادکار برای مدیریت تغییر استفاده‎گردیده است. داده‌های پژوهش از طریق آمار توصیفی و استنباطی شامل آزمون کالموگروف- اسمیرنف، آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و آزمون رگرسیون چندگانه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد در تحلیل شناختی موانع کاربرد فناوری اطلاعات از نگاه مدیریت تغییر به ترتیب سودمندی ‎درک شده، تمایل به استفاده، نگرش نسبت به‌ کاربرد و در نهایت، سهولت ‎درک شده در وضعیت کاربرد اولویت اول تا چهارم را دارند که نشاندهنده میزان کاربرد و تاثیرگذاری این مولفه ها در بکارگیری های فناوری در وزارت ورزش و جوانان می باشد.

چکیده تصویری

تحلیل شناختی عوامل موثربرکاربرد فناوری اطلاعات بر اساس مدیریت تغییر در وزارت ورزش و جوانان جمهوری اسلامی ایران

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Cognitive Analysis of Factors Influencing the Use of Information Technology Based on Change Management at the Ministry of Sport and Youth of the Islamic Republic of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • samaneh yarmohammadi 1
  • Farideh Ashrafganjouei 2
  • Ali Zarei 3
1 Ph.D Student, Department of Sport Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Sport Management Associate Professor, Department of Sport Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran,iran
3 Sport Management Associate Professor, Department of Sport Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was cognitive analysis of factors influencing the use of Information Technology based on change management at the Ministry of Sport and Youth of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The research method is descriptive-survey and the study is applied considering its purpose. The statistical population includes 812 employees of all sections of the Ministry of Sports and Youth in 2016. The statistical sample size was calculated on the basis of Cochran's formula. 261 people were randomly selected based on stratified sampling. To collect data, two standard and international questionnaires were used: TEM for IT and ADKAR for change management. Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics including Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, single sample t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression tests. The results showed that in the cognitive analysis, the barriers to the use of information technology from the perspective of change management are: perceived utility, willingness to use, attitude towards application, and finally, the perceived ease of use in the application of the priority of the first to fourth. The findings indicate the extent to which these components are applied and influenced by the use of technology in the Ministry of Sports and Youth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Analysis
  • Information Technology
  • Effective factors
  • Change management
  • Sports and Youth

[1] Al-gahtani, S. (2003). Computer technology adoption in Saudi Arabia: correlates of perceived innovation attributes. Journal Of Information Technology For Development, 14(1), 57-69.

[2] Atashak , M. (2010). Identify and ranke effective barriers of Non-using teachers from IT. Journal Of Information Technology, 17(4), 2-15 [in Persian].

[3] Moafi, E, (2009). Survey the problem and obstacles to the use of IT in regional electricity campany of mazandaran. Journal Of Technology And computer 14(3) 43-54 [In Persian].

[4] Alidousti, S, (2006). Barriers to use of IT from the perspective of change management. Journal Of Technology And Science, 7(2),13-25 [In Persian].

[5] Asrafganjouei ,F,(2010). The Study stuff manager`s attitudes of physical education organizations toward dimensions of changing management.Journal Of Sport Management 12(5) ,125-129 [In Persian].

[6] Oreg S ,(2013 ). Personality, context , and resistance to organizational change. European Journal Of Work And Organizational Psychology 2013, 73-101.

[7] Ziemba E ,(2015) . Change management in information systems project for public organizations in Poland .Interdiciplinary Journal Of Information Knowledge And Management 18(3), 47-62.

[8] Sahragard jahromi,a, (2005). The effect of information technology influence on organizational productivity from the viewpoint of managers, master's thesis, faculty of management and accounting shahid beheshti university. Journal Of IT & Management 9(5) ,7-8[In Persian].

[9] Du Plooy N F, (1998). An analysis of the human environment for the adoption and use of information technology.Unpublished Dissertation, University Of Pretoria, South Africa, 335-337.

[10] Heeks, Richard, (2002). Information systems and developing countries: failure, success, and local improvisations. The Journal of Information Society, 18(7), 101-112.

[11] Feinberg, M., and Damir Tokic, (2004). “IT investment, GDP and stock market values in Asia-Pacific NIC and developing countries”. Journal of The Asia Pacific Economy17th (6), 70-74 .

[12] Sanayeyi , A(2013). Barriers to using information technology in sport and youth departments of Fars province using fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making approach. Journal Of Management 13(5).325-341[In Persian].

[13] Nafari,N,(2011). Designing an information acceptance model in the national iranian gas company based on the technology acceptance model. Journal of Technology & Investmeny In Gas Company 3(7).152-147[In Persian]

[14] Maleki najfdar,A ,(2012).The impact of factor effecting the adaption and application of IT (South Of tehran's tax departments). Journal Of IT ,16(8). 89-102[In Persian].

[15] Rezaee, m,(2010). Common theories of IT acceptance . Journal of Communication Research 16th .6,101-105[In Persian].

[16] Sun,H. & Zhang,P, (2006). The role of moderating factors in user technology acceptance. Int. J. human-computer Studies, Information Technology for Development 10th (5) Pp 53-78.

[17]Davis, fred, (1989), Perceived usefulness perceived ease of use and user acceptance of information technology. journal Of Technology & Science 6(12), 3-5.

[18] Edwards, Sebastian, (2002). Information technology And economic challenge in developing countries. Challenge,journal Of Developing In Information & Technology,12(7), 19-43.

[19] Sharma, Jain (2003). A dictionary of information technology; India: CBS,2003. 1-3

[20] Chuttur, Mohammad. (2009),Overview of the Technology Acceptance Model:Origins, Developments And Future Directions, Working Papers On Information Systems8(4), 1-14

[21] Kunda, Douglas, and Laurence Brooks. (2000). Assessing important factors that support component based development in developing countries. Information Technology For Development Journal 19(9) , 123-139.

[22] Sohal, Amrik S., Simon Moss, and Lionel Ng. (2001). Comparing IT success in manufacturing and service industries. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 72(4), 30-45.

[23] Alrafi,A(2005),Technology acceptance model, behaviour & information technology, Tadbir magazine 25(4), 6-10.

[24] Peansupap, Vachara, and Derek Walker. (2005). Exploratory factors influencing information and communication technology diffusion and adoption within Australian construction organization. Construction Innovation:Journal Of Information And Communication Technology 23(6), 135-157.

[25] Sarayeh B, Khodair H ; (2013) ,Comparative study : The kurt Lewin of change management. International Journal Of Computer And IT .64(2), 6-9.

[26] Akhavan , A(2006), Change management to IT implementation.tadbirmagazine17(2),173-175[InPersian].

[27]Lee, S. & Kim, B.G. (2009). Factors affecting the usage of internet: A confirmatory study. Computers in human behavior, Journal Of Human Behavior & Technology 14(3),191-201.

[28] Barbaroux , P.(2011), A design‐oriented approach to organizational change: insights from a military case study. Journal Of Organizational Change Management 5(3), 14-17.

[29 ] Bohene, R, (2012). Resistance to organisational change: a case study of Oti Yeboah Complex Limited. International Journal of Business and Management, 4(1), 135-145.

[30] Dehning, Bruce, and Vernon J. Richardson, (2002). Returns on investments in information technology: A research synthesis. Journal of Information Systems 11(6),7-30.