طراحی و اعتباریابی الگوی شبکه اجتماعی مجازی مدارس ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 داشجوی دکتری گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی،دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی،تهران،ایران

2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران

3 دانشیار گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

4 استاد گروه سنجش و اندازه‌گیری دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش تدوین الگوی شبکه اجتماعی مجازی برای مدارس ایران بود. این پژوهش به شیوۀ آمیخته؛ کمی و کیفی، و با طرح اکتشافی اجرا گردید. در مرحلۀ کیفی جامعه پژوهش، شامل اسناد و مدارک در دسترسِ فارسی و انگلیسی، مکتوب و الکترونیکی که از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. حجم نمونه 45 سند در حوزۀ شبکه‌های اجتماعی است. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از مصاحبه و فیش‌برداری و برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل محتوا از نوع استقرایی استفاده شد. در مرحلۀ کمی روش پیمایشی بکار گرفته‌شد. جامعۀ پژوهش عبارت بودند از متخصصین تکنولوژی آموزشی کشور که تعداد 30 نفر از اساتید و دانشجویان دکتری تکنولوژی آموزشی به عنوان نمونه، به شکل در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته استفاده‌گردید که روایی آن با نظر متخصصان و پایایی آن به وسیله آلفای کرونباخ 86. تعیین شد. به کمک آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای داده‌ها تحلیل گردید. یافته‌های پژوهش منجر به شناسایی چهار مؤلفه اصلی: یادگیری شبکه‌ای، تسهیل‌گری شبکه‌ای، مدیریت شبکه‌ای، فناوری شبکه‌ای و شانزده زیر مؤلفه که از نظر عملکردی و معنایی مشابهت بالایی با مؤلفه‌های اصلی داشتند، گردید. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که الگوی استخراج شده، از اعتبار درونی بالایی برخوردار می باشد.

چکیده تصویری

طراحی و اعتباریابی الگوی شبکه اجتماعی مجازی مدارس ایران

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design and Validation of Virtual Social Networks of Iran’s Schools

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Zarei 1
  • Esmaeil Zaraii Zavaraki 2
  • Khadije Ali Abadi 3
  • Ali Delavar 4
1 Ph.D. Student ofEducational Technology Department, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University، Tehran،Iran
2 Educational Technology, Psychology and Educational Sciences , Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Educational Technology Department, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Professor of Assessment and Measurement Department, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to compile a model for desiging a virtual social network for Iranian schools. This reseach utilized a mixed– quantitative and qualitative – method, and it was carried out with an exploratory design. The study population in the qualitative phase included the accessible 45 written and electronic documents in English and Persian selected by using purposive sampling. Data collection and analysis were done using inductive content analysis method. The quantitative phase was performed using a survey. The study population included the educational technology specialists of Iran from which a sample of 30 educational technology professors and Ph.D. Candidates were selected on an accessible basis. To collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire was used, the validity and reliability of which was determined by professional assessment and by Cronbach’s alpha (0.86), respectively. To analyze the data, a single-sample t-test was employed. The findings of the study led to the identification of four main features: network learning, network facilitation, network moderation, network technology, as well as sixteen sub-features, which were functionally and semantically similar to the main features. The results also showed that the extracted model has a high internal validity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "social networking"
  • "network learning"
  • "Network teacher"
  • "network student"
  • "network school"

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