تحلیل کارآمدی آموزش مبتنی‌بر نقشه مفهومی در قالب چندرسانه‌ای بر بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان کم‌توان ذهنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار ،دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی ،گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی،دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش فعال یادگیری به کمک نقشه‌ی مفهومی  معلم ساخته با تلفیق چندرسانه‌ایدر یادگیری مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش آموزان با نیازهای ویژه (کم‌توان ذهنی) بوده است. روش پژوهش از نوع شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه کنترل می‌باشد. جامعه موردمطالعه حاضر را دانش آموزان کم‌توان ذهنی در محدوده شهر دیواندره به تعداد 18 نفر تشکیل داده و نمونه مشتمل است بر 14 دانش‌آموز کم‌توان ذهنی (خفیف) 16-14 ساله با حذف افرادی که علاوه بر مشکل ذهنی دچار اختلال جسمی نیز بوده‌اند. انجام نمونه‌گیری از نوع تمام شماری محسوب می‌شود. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه‌ی محقق ساخته مهارت‌های اجتماعی است که در سه مؤلفه تعامل با دیگران، رفتار اجتماعی سازگارانه و کنترل خود با پایایی 80.0 مورداندازه‌گیری قرار گرفت. برای مقایسه مؤلفه‌های مهارت اجتماعی بین دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش از آزمون U من- ویتنی استفاده شد.  برای مقایسه توافق بخشی پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون در گروه آزمایش پس از مداخله‌ی اثر از آزمون رتبه‌های علامت‌دار ویلکاکسون همراه با اندازه اثر استفاده شد. نمرات پس‌آزمون نسبت به‌پیش آزمون در گروه آزمایش ازلحاظ آماری تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت. میزان یادگیری مهارت اجتماعی دانش آموزان کم‌توان ذهنی(خفیف) که به شیوه‌ی نقشه‌های مفهومی معلم ساخته با تلفیق چندرسانه‌ای آموزش‌دیده بودند متاثر از این شیوه از آموزش نسبت به آنها که از روش معمول آموزش استفاده می‌کنند بالاتر بوده است.

چکیده تصویری

تحلیل کارآمدی آموزش مبتنی‌بر نقشه مفهومی در قالب چندرسانه‌ای بر بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان کم‌توان ذهنی

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An analytic review on impacts of conceptual map implicated in multimedia on social skills improvement among learners with mental tardation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azad Mirzaie 1
  • Zohreh Khoshneshin 2
  • Sasan Salimi 1
  • Seyyed Abdollah Ghasemtabar 1
1 Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor,faculty of Education and Psychology,Educational Technology Department ,Kharazmi University
چکیده [English]

The present study describes effectiveness of conceptual map implicated through multimedia on social skills improvement among learners with mental retardation. Teaching on the basis of concept mapping known as an active method to teach social skills for learners with special learning needs (as mental retarded). Quasi-experimental research method is used with pretest-posttest instrument. Sample of the study is equal to society includes14 mild mental retarded students (aged 16-14 years). It is a researcher-made questionnaire measures learners with mental retardation social skills improvement included three components as interaction with others, social adaptive behavior and self-control. Questionnaires' Reliability estimated by Cronbach's alpha (0.80). Mann-Whitney U test used to analyses the data, compartments of the pre- post-test scores in experimental group after the intervention. The Wilcoxon Signed rank test with the effect size is also approached to data analyzing .It is revealed that there is a significant difference in pre-test and posttest scores of students in different level of social skills. So implementation of concept mapping plus to using multimedia could enabled mentally retarded students as it is suggested to construct their minding's as well improvement of their social skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Concept mapping
  • Multimedia
  • social skill
  • learning disorders

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