شناسایی عوامل طبیعی ارزشمند به روش VPS از نظر کودکان به منظور ارایه چهارچوبی برای سازماندهی فضایی حیاط مدرسه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه کردستان،سنندج، ایران.

2 گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه علم و صنعت، تهران، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیروان، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهیدرجایی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش این است که چه عناصری از طبیعت از نظر کودکان دارای اهمیت هستند و آیا امکان حضور و کاربست این عناصر در محیط­های آموزشی وجود دارد؟ این پژوهش بر آن است تا به کمک کودکان، راه­کارهایی در طراحی حیاط مدرسه با توجه به نقش طبیعت در رشد آموزش آنان مطرح کند. روش تحقیق مورد استفاده در این پژوهش کیفی با رویکرد تحلیل محتوایی است. براساس ماهیت موضوع، از تکنیک پرسش­نامه و تصاویر، به عنوان روش اصلی گردآوری اطلاعات استفاده شده است. ساختار پرسش­نامه براساس سنجه­ها و معیارهای به­دست­آمده از ادبیات موضوع و براساس طیف لیکرت تدوین شده است. در مرحله اول، 120 عدد پرسشنامه در اختیار کودکان7- 12 سال، نمونه موردی قرار داده شد. پژوهشگر برای اطمینان اینکه نتایج حاصل از پرسشنامه­ها قابل بسط هستند، در مرحله دوم، تصاویری مرتبط با پرسشنامه، در اختیار کودکان قرار داد تا کودکان براساس ترجیحات بصری (Visual Preference survey)، به آن تصاویر پاسخ دهند. سپس پژوهشگر براساس تحلیل محتوای بصری به نتایجی دست یافت. مشخص گردید که این دو ابزار سنجش در راستای یکدیگر و متناسب با عوامل محیطی موثر بر کودکان حرکت می­کنند. در نهایت چارچوبی برای سازماندهی فضایی حیاط مدرسه ارائه شده است. با توجه به نیازهای متفاوت کودکان، می­تواند راهنمای مناسبی برای طراحان باشد. اصولی که موجب افزایش خلاقیت و یادگیری کودکان گردد و محیطی مطلوب در جهت رشد آموزش کودکان فراهم کند.

چکیده تصویری

شناسایی عوامل طبیعی ارزشمند به روش VPS از نظر کودکان به منظور ارایه چهارچوبی برای سازماندهی فضایی حیاط مدرسه

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of Valuable Natural factors by the VPS Method ‏ From children’s attitudes, in order to provide a framework for organizing the school yard space

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasrin Ahmadpour samani 1
  • Alireza Farsi Mohammadipour 2
  • Seyedmohammad Behrooz 3
1 Department of Architecture, School of Art and Architecture, university of Kurdistan, sanandaj, Iran.
2 Department of Architecture, School of Art and Architecture, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Architecture Department, Shirvan IAU; PHD Candidate, Shahid Rajaei Teacher Training Uni, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research is to determine which natural elements are important from children’s points of view and whether the use and presence of elements are possible in educational locations. This research seeks to find approaches to design school yards based on children’s points of view with regard to the role of nature in their education. The research method used in this qualitative study is content analysis. Based on the nature of the subject, a questionnaire and the image technique were used as the main method of data collection. The structure of the questionnaire is based on the measures and criteria derived from the subject literature and designed based on Likert scale. In the first stage, 120 questionnaires were provided to children of 7-12 age in the case study. Results of the questionnaires were obtained. To ensure that the results of the questionnaires are expanded, the researcher, in the second phase, provided some pictures relevant to questionnaires, so that the children could respond to questions based on their visual preferences. The researcher then obtained results based on visual content analysis. It was discovered that these two instruments of measurement are in line with each other and are appropriate to the environmental factors affecting children. Finally, a framework for organizing the school yard is presented. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • nature
  • children
  • framework
  • yard
  • (VPS)

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